CBD cannabidiol is produced from the cannabis plant and there are two types of plants, namely: hemp and marijuana plant. Most of the legally available CBD products are produced from the hemp plant because of its relatively low THC content. The recent rise in its popularity is due to its big list of medical and therapeutic benefits with the added advantage of very minimal side effects. For many new users there are doubts about the difference between phytocannabinoids and cannabinoids. This primer will give you a general overview about the topic.
What Is A Phytocannabinoid?
The most popular phytocannabinoids found in both types of cannabis plants are THC and CBD; they are two among 100 different types of cannabinoids produced by the plant. The difference between cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids is very negligible as the latter is naturally found oil coating the leaves and flowers. While the former is the chemical compounds found in this oil. They are useful to us because, consuming or using them fixes the deficiency of endogenous cannabinoids produced by the endocannabinoid system of our body. Besides, they have 64 target points across our body and their action varies across them.
What Are The Different Types Of Phytocannabinoids?
As mentioned earlier there are more than 100 phytocannabinoids found in cannabis plants and the most popular ones are THC, CBD, cannabinol (CBN) and cannabigerol (CBG).
- CBD: Cannabidiol is found in high quantities in most strains of hemp plants, and has many therapeutic and medical benefits. The most popular uses are it helps in relieving pain, reduce inflammation and stress, treat insomnia, anxiety and depression. It is also found to be useful in the treatment of epileptic seizures and autism in children by increasing their general activity. But, it has some side effects such as drowsiness, dry mouth, fatigue, nausea and appetite changes.
- THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of the most psychotropic cannabinoids found in both types of cannabis plants. Usually, marijuana plants have higher THC content up to 35% and this is one of the reasons it remains illegal while hemp plant is legal as it has 3% or less. At higher doses it causes paranoia, increased heart beat, blood pressure and appetite. Its side effects are dry red itchy eyes, dry mouth, dizziness and sleepiness along with lethargy.
- CBG: Cannabigerol is a non psychotropic cannabinoid that has therapeutic benefits such as treating chronic pain, depression, anxiety and skin conditions like psoriasis. Besides, some studies show that it reduces ocular pressure and may be beneficial for glaucoma patients.
- CBN: Cannabinol is useful in treating insomnia and other sleep disorders due to its sedative effects. Besides, it is also created when THC is oxidised on exposure to air.
Full spectrum hemp extract contains all the phytocannabinoids in the hemp plant, and gives its complete benefits due to the entourage effect of these cannabinoids.