Bipolar disorder affects about 70 million people in the world to some degree. Although there are several treatment options available for the condition, all may not work equally for everyone and some treatments may have some side effects.
The ability of CBD to prevent brain damage and support a healthy neurotransmitter function suggests that it can be effective in reducing the severity of bipolar disorder.
What Is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder is characterized by abnormal changes in mood, energy levels and behavior. The neurotransmitters in the brain including dopamine, GABA, serotonin, glutamate and others are responsible for regulating our moods.
It is quite normal to have mood swings where we have periods when we are happy and periods when we feel irritable. However, the fluctuations in mood are far more severe in bipolar patients and they often struggle to perform daily activities and interact socially.
The neurotransmitter causing the typical symptoms of bipolar disorder may vary and in many cases, identifying the exact cause is impossible.
Bipolar disorder is treated using a trial and error method where patients try one medication and see if it produces any results. If not, they try the next one. This continues until they find the medication that relieves the symptoms.
Bipolar disorder causes mild to extreme episodes that can even last up to a few weeks.
Three primary episodes experienced by people with bipolar disorder include:
During manic episodes, the brain is in a hyperactive state, where people become overly happy. They tend to have a lot of energy during manic episodes and will be highly motivated and euphoric. Anxiety and insomnia are the possible side effects of manic episodes of bipolar disorder.
People show reckless behavior during manic episodes and hence they can become very dangerous.
A hypomanic episode, although similar to a manic episode is less extreme. It is often considered as the middle ground between mania and depression.
People experiencing hypomania can continue their normal activities but avoiding distraction and bursts of anxiety is challenging for them.
Major Depressive Episodes
During major depressive episodes, people show the exact opposite behavior of manic episodes. People affected have low motivation and they can become severely depressed and may develop suicidal thoughts.
What Are The Causes Of Bipolar Disorder?
A single factor cannot be pointed to as the sole cause of the bipolar disorder. The condition is often caused by a combination of factors including genetic inheritances, social influences and environmental factors.
Some of the causes of bipolar disorder include:
- Post-traumatic stress
- Neurotransmitter imbalances
- Hormone imbalances
- Genetic predisposition
- Excessive mental stress
- Chronic depression
- Neurodegenerative disorders
What Are The Treatment Options Available For Bipolar Disorder?
Psychiatric therapy is the best treatment for bipolar disorder that is useful to figure out the potential triggers and any underlying causes like a history of abuse or mental stress.
Other possible causes like hormonal imbalance have to be found out and treated if necessary. To give symptomatic support, there are a few pharmaceutical medications available.
Common medications used to treat bipolar disorder include:
- Mood stabilizers
Other treatments for bipolar disorder include:
- Nutritional support
- Support groups
- CBD supplementation
- Herbal medicine
- Hospitalization during extreme episodes
- Sensory deprivation
How To Use CBD To Handle The Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder?
CBD can be used to reduce the severity of the symptoms associated with bipolar disorder but the results apply to CBD alone. Marijuana use may worsen the symptoms of the condition due to the presence of THC that has neuro-stimulating properties. THC is not safe for people with bipolar disorder.
If you are using CBD to handle the symptoms of bipolar disorder, make sure the cannabidiol products have little to no THC. You also have to discuss with your doctor if you are planning to use CBD for bipolar disorder to ensure that CBD does not interact with the medications you are currently taking. After you have your doctor’s approval, you can choose a suitable CBD product for handling the symptoms of the condition.
Here are some of the CBD product types you can try:
CBD Oil And Tincture
CBD oils and tinctures are popular forms of CBD that are known for their ease of dosage. The milligram amount of CBD in every drop of the CBD oil or tincture will be written on the product and you can use this information to decide the dosage.
CBD capsule is a form of CBD that offers the convenience of precise dosage. The CBD content of each capsule will be mentioned on the product label.
You have to use a trial-and-error method to find out the right dose of CBD because everyone won’t respond equally to the compound.