Since the farm bill of 2018 made the cultivation of hemp plant legal in America, hemp CBD has been emerging in the market in various forms such as oils, pills, edibles, topical creams, vape products, etc. But it is necessary to understand that hemp plant is not only a storehouse of CBD but also a home for more than 100 cannabinoids. Scientists are trying to extract these elements from the hemp plant because each of them has its special features. Some of those cannabinoids that can be harvested from the hemp plant are as follows.
Cannabidiol or CBD is the major component of the hemp plant. Since its proportion is more than other cannabinoids, manufacturers are able to extract it in its purest form. CBD is a nonpsychoactive medicinal supplement that can be used for the treatment of many conditions like anxiety, depression, etc. Even though it can be derived separately, researchers have proved that it is better to mix CBD with other cannabinoids to enhance its effects.
Cannabinol or CBN is also a non-psychoactive cannabinoid present in the hemp plant. Similar to Cannabidiol, cannabinol is also having a lot of therapeutic properties. The main benefit of using CBN is that it will help in relaxing the mind and body. It is also a good medicine that can be used for the treatment of sleeplessness and insomnia. Since the proportion of CBN is very low, it is derived along with CBD.
THC is a well known element of the hemp plant. Even though it is the major component of the cannabis plant family, the concentration of THC is very low in this plant. The absence of active THC is the major reason for federal law to make it legal in the USA. There is only about 0.3 percent THC in a hemp product and it will not offer a high to the users. It also helps in enhancing the anti-inflammation properties of CBD.
Not only the cannabinoids mentioned above, but there are also many other elements present in the hemp plant such as Cannabichromene, Cannanigerol, etc. Even though all of them are having so many medicinal qualities, it is not able to extract them separately because of their low concentration. But its benefits can be obtained by using full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD products.